Electric bikes require regular maintenance to keep them running smoothly. Here is a checklist of items that should be monitored and maintained on a regular basis to ensure the longevity and proper functioning of your e-bike.

Inspect the Brakes

To inspect your electric bike brakes, check the brake pads for wear. If the pads are worn down, they should be replaced. Check the brake levers for proper tension and adjustment. The levers should have a firm, responsive feel when engaged. Inspect the cable connections and routing to ensure they are secure and not damaged. Test the brakes by engaging them while the bike is in motion to ensure they are working properly.

Test the Lights

Ensure that the lights are properly installed and securely attached to the bike. Check that the battery or power source for the lights is fully charged or properly connected. Turn on the lights and check that they are working correctly and emitting the appropriate amount of light. If your electric bike has multiple lights, such as a headlight and taillight, make sure to test each one separately.

Monitor the Drivetrain

Inspect the chain for signs of wear or damage. The chain should be tight, clean, and lubricated. Look for any kinks or rust on the chain.

Check the gears and derailleur for proper alignment and adjustment. Ensure that the gears are shifting smoothly and that the derailleur is properly adjusted so that the chain runs smoothly between the gears.

Check for any loose or damaged bolts or connections in the drivetrain, and make sure that all components are securely attached to the bike.

Check the Electric Components

Monitor the battery for proper charge and connection. Make sure the battery is securely attached and that the charging port is clean and free of debris. Test the battery by taking a short ride or using a battery tester to check the voltage and capacity.

If your electric bike has a display, check that it is working properly and providing accurate information about the battery level, speed, and other important data.

Next, test the motor by engaging the throttle or pedal assist and observing the bike's performance. Listen carefully to the motor for any unusual noises or vibrations.

Inspect the Frame

The frame of your electric bike is important to the overall safety and integrity of the bike. Inspect the frame for any signs of damage or wear: Look for cracks, dents, or any other signs of damage. Pay close attention to the welds and joints, as these are common areas for stress and fatigue.

Check for proper alignment, that the frame is straight and that all the components are properly aligned. The wheels should be centered in the frame and the handlebars should be parallel to the front wheel.

Check for loose bolts and parts and that the frame is tightened and properly secured.  If your electric bike has suspension, make sure it is functioning properly and that the suspension is adjusted to your weight and riding style.

Do Not Neglect the Pedals

Make sure the pedals are securely tightened to the cranks. The pedals should not wobble or feel loose when you rotate them. Look for any signs of wear or damage on the pedals. Pay close attention to the bearings, as they can wear out over time.  The pedals should rotate and spin smoothly.  If your pedals are creaky or not spinning smoothly, lubricate the bearings with light oil.

A lot of pedals come with reflectors, check if they are still attached, undamaged, and functioning properly. If your pedals are designed for use with cleats, check that the cleats are securely attached.

Check the Tire Pressure

Your tires need to be properly inflated to the recommended pressure for your bike. To check the tire pressure on an electric bike, you will need a tire pressure gauge. You can find these at most bike shops or online.

Remove the valve cap from the tire. Place the tire pressure gauge onto the valve stem and press firmly to get an accurate reading. Check the tire pressure against the recommended pressure listed on the sidewall of the tire or in the owner's manual for your electric bike. If the tire pressure is too low, add air until it reaches the recommended pressure. If the tire pressure is too high, release some air until it reaches the recommended pressure. Replace the valve cap when you are finished.

It's important to check the tire pressure regularly to ensure that the tires are properly inflated. Underinflated tires can lead to reduced performance and increased wear on the tires and rims. Overinflated tires can make the ride less comfortable and increase the risk of a puncture.